The Popularity of Kim Campbell First Female Prime Minister of Canada
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The Popularity of Kim Campbell First Female Prime Minister of Canada

Though Kim Campbell had only a short time in office as the first female prime minister of Canada, she was very popular.

Political climate of Canada in 1993

In 1993 the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada fell out of favour as a party. There popularity was at the lowest it had ever been. The first political party of Canada was down so low there was speculation it may forever lose its place as one of the only two powerful parties of Canada. The other powerful party is the Liberal Party of Canada. Only these two parties have ever had enough support from all of Canada to lead the country.

The then prime minister Brian Mulroney announced he would retire in June of 1993 and the race for a new party leader and prime minister began. The two contenders for the position was the conservative golden boy Jean Charest, and Kim Campbell who stepped up for the race. Campbell defeated Jean Charest who latter became, and still is the Premier of Quebec. Charest also changed parties as there is no conservative party of Quebec since the infamous Maurice Duplessi era. The conservative party of Quebec then emerged into the Union Nationale. In 1980's the party tired to resurface, but was met with opposition from the Canadian Conservative Party and they never had enough clout to sustain themselves as a major party in Quebec. Thus Charest is the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party.

Prime Minister Kim Campbell

Kim Campbell was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada by Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn on June 25, 1993. Before Charest made the switch to provincial politics, Campbell was generous in appointing him Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Industry, a rather symbolic post, and Minister of Industry, Science and Technology an extremely significant post and portfolio.

Kim Campbell had the support of about half of the Progressive Conservative Party before running for the prime minister. Once she took office she reorganized the cabinet. She cut 12 cabinet positions leaving 23 intact and she consolidated ministries and created new ones namely; the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Canadian Heritage and the Ministry of Public Security.

On the international level she represented the nation of Canada at the 1993 G7 Summit in Tokyo, Japan.

Campbell toured the country extensively that summer of 1993 and attended barbeques and other social events. This political tactic served in her favour as the Canadian Gallop poll showed her having a 51 percent approval rating making her Canada's most popular Prime Minister in thirty years. By the end of the summer her popularity increased even above that of the Liberal Leader, Jean Chretien (who would become Prime Minister). The support for the Progressive Conservative Party had regained its former glory and was within a few points of the favoured Canadian Liberal Party.

The official home of Canadian Prime Ministers

Traditionally, Prime Ministers of Canada reside at 24 Sussex Drive in Ottawa, Kim is the only Prime Minister since 1951 who did not. Former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney remained at the Prime Minister residence awaiting the completion of the renovation going on at his Montreal home. On the other hand, Campbell lived at Harrington Lake estate which is the summer retreat for Prime Ministers of Canada. Harrington State in situated in rural Quebec, not far from Ottawa.


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Comments (2)

Good to know this for reference.

omg yes, I forgot all about her. Thanks for the reminder.